Prescribing roles for health professionals other than doctors

Cochrane Group, November 2016

The aim of this Cochrane review was to find out if prescribing by health professionals other than doctors delivers comparable outcomes to prescribing by doctors.  Cochrane researchers collected and analysed all relevant studies from various countries.

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Occupational therapy delivered by specialists versus non-specialists for people with schizophrenia

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, October 2016

This review protocol was co-written by Graeme Reid, Consultant Clinical Psychologist at Lancashire Care NHS Foundation Trust.

The objectives are to examine the effects of occupational therapy delivered by occupational therapists compared to occupational therapy delivered by any other person for people with schizophrenia. Our secondary objectives are to determine whether the response differs by specific type (e.g. hospital versus non-hosptial setting), intensity (e.g. more therapist contact time or more frequent task repetition), or duration of occupational therapy.

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Impact of institutional smoking bans on reducing harms and secondhand smoke exposure

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, June 2016

This Cochrane review aims to assess the extent to which institutional smoking bans may reduce passive smoke exposure and active smoking, and affect other health-related outcomes.

The study found evidence of an effect of settings-based smoking policies on reducing smoking rates in hospitals and universities. In prisons, reduced mortality rates and reduced exposure to secondhand smoke were reported. However, the reviewers rated the evidence base as low quality. The study concludes that more robust studies assessing the evidence for smoking bans and policies in these important specialist settings are needed.

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Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) for the detection of dementia in clinically unevaluated people aged 65 and over in community and primary care populations

Cochrane Systematic Reviews, January 2016

This Cochrane Review finds that the MMSE contributes to a diagnosis of dementia in low prevalence settings, but should not be used in isolation to confirm or exclude disease. They recommend that future work evaluates the diagnostic accuracy of tests in the context of the diagnostic pathway experienced by the patient and that investigators report how undergoing the MMSE changes patient-relevant outcomes.

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Consultation liaison in primary care for people with mental disorders

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, September 2015

This Cochrane review finds evidence that consultation liaison improves mental health for up to three months; and satisfaction and adherence for up to 12 months in people with mental disorders, particularly those who are depressed.

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Interventions for drug-using offenders with co-occurring mental illness

The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, June 2015

This is an updated version of an original Cochrane review published in Issue 3 2006 (Perry 2006). The review represents one from a family of four reviews focusing on interventions for drug-using offenders. This specific review considers interventions aimed at reducing drug use or criminal activity, or both for drug-using offenders with co-occurring mental illness.  The review aims to assess the effectiveness of interventions for drug-using offenders with co-occurring mental illness in reducing criminal activity or drug use, or both.

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