Library Mental Health Bulletins

Lancashire Care Library and Information Service, August 2017

This week’s Library Mental Health bulletins are on Learning Disabilities and Dementia.

Advertisements

NHS Health Check 40-64 dementia pilot research findings

Alzheimer’s Society, August 2017

The report sets out the findings of a pilot to deliver advice to 40-64-year-olds on how to reduce dementia as part of the NHS Health Check programme.  The report showed 75% of the 164 people who remembered the advice on dementia risk said they were more likely to adopt a healthy lifestyle to reduce the risk of developing dementia, while 80% said the advice would have some impact on their behavior.

Click here to read the full report.

Dementia prevention, intervention, and care

The Lancet, July 2017

Dementia is the greatest global challenge for health and social care in the 21st century: around 50 million people worldwide have dementia and this number is predicted to triple by 2050. The Lancet Commission on dementia aims to review the best available evidence and produce recommendations on how to best manage, or even prevent, the dementia epidemic.

Dementia is not an inevitable consequence of ageing and the Commission identifies nine potentially modifiable health and lifestyle factors from different phases of life that, if eliminated, might prevent dementia. Although therapies are currently not available to modify the underlying disease process, the Commission outlines pharmacological and social interventions that are able to help manage the manifestations of dementia.

Click here to request this report from the Library.

Temporal trend in dementia incidence since 2002 and projections for prevalence in England and Wales to 2040: modelling study

BMJ 2017;358:j2856

This modelling study aims to forecast dementia prevalence with a dynamic modelling approach that integrates calendar trends in dementia incidence with those for mortality and cardiovascular disease.  Age specific dementia incidence is declining. The number of people with dementia in England and Wales is likely to increase by 57% from 2016 to 2040. This increase is mainly driven by improved life expectancy.

Click here to view the full text paper.

Physical activity, cognitive decline, and risk of dementia: 28 year follow-up of Whitehall II cohort study

BMJ 2017;357:j2709

This prospective cohort study aims to test the hypotheses that physical activity in midlife is not associated with a reduced risk of dementia and that the preclinical phase of dementia is characterised by a decline in physical activity.  The study finds no evidence of a neuroprotective effect of physical activity. Previous findings showing a lower risk of dementia in physically active people may be attributable to reverse causation—that is, due to a decline in physical activity levels in the preclinical phase of dementia.

Click here to view the full text article.  This paper is Open Access.