Library Mental Health Bulletin

This week’s Library bulletin is on Mental Health.

Click here to view the bulletin.

Advertisements

Mental ill-health among children of the new century

UCL Institute of Education, September 2017

Researchers from the UCL Institute of Education and the University of Liverpool analysed information on more than 10,000 children born in 2000-01 who are taking part in the Millennium Cohort Study. At ages 3, 5, 7, 11 and 14, parents reported on their children’s mental health. Then, when they reached 14, the children were themselves asked questions about their depressive symptoms. a quarter of girls (24%) and one in 10 boys (9%) are depressed at age 14.

Click here to view the full report.

Antidepressant use during pregnancy and psychiatric disorders in offspring: Danish nationwide register based cohort study

BMJ 2017;358:j3668

This population based cohort study aims to investigate the association between in utero exposure to antidepressants and risk of psychiatric disorders.  905 383 liveborn singletons born during 1998-2012 in Denmark were followed from birth until July 2014, death, emigration, or date of first psychiatric diagnosis, whichever came first. The children were followed for a maximum of 16.5 years and contributed 8.1×106 person years at risk. The study concludes that in utero exposure to antidepressants was associated with increased risk of psychiatric disorders. The association may be attributable to the severity of underlying maternal disorders in combination with antidepressant exposure in utero. The findings suggest that focusing solely on a single psychiatric disorder among offspring in studies of in utero antidepressant exposure may be too restrictive.

Click here to read the full text paper.

Not by degrees: improving student mental health in the UK’s universities

IPPR, September 2017

This report finds that levels of mental illness, mental distress and low wellbeing among students in higher education in the UK are increasing, and are high relative to other sections of the population. The report calls for universities to make the issue a strategic priority and adopt a ‘whole-university’ approach based on prevention and promotion, early intervention and low-level support, responding to risk and crisis management, and referral into care and treatment.

Click here to read the full report.

Mental health at work: the business costs ten years on

Centre for Mental Health, September 2017

This report updates a calculation made ten years ago, when mental health problems in the UK workforce were estimated to cost employers almost £26 billion. It finds that the cost is now £34.9 billion as a result of inflation and a rise in the size of the workforce since 2007. This means that mental health problems cost £1,300 for every employee in the UK economy.  The report finds that by far the largest part of the business cost is in the form of reduced productivity among people who are at work but unwell: or ‘presenteeism’. This costs businesses twice as much as sickness absence relating to poor mental health. The remainder of the cost relates to turnover – people leaving their jobs as a result of poor mental health.

Click here to read the full report.

Prevention concordat for better mental health

Public Health England, August 2017

Public Health England has launched a new national prevention concordat for better mental health, focussed on preventing mental health problems and promoting good mental health. The aim is to galvanise cross-sector action to secure the adoption of effective prevention planning arrangements in all local areas (a Five Year Forward View for Mental Health commitment). As part of this PHE have published a series of documents for use by Commissioners, Providers, Directors of Public Health and local public health teams to create systems that are able to prevent mental ill health as well as treat it.

Click here to view the policy paper.

Click here to access the guidance and additional documents.