Mental ill-health among children of the new century

UCL Institute of Education, September 2017

Researchers from the UCL Institute of Education and the University of Liverpool analysed information on more than 10,000 children born in 2000-01 who are taking part in the Millennium Cohort Study. At ages 3, 5, 7, 11 and 14, parents reported on their children’s mental health. Then, when they reached 14, the children were themselves asked questions about their depressive symptoms. a quarter of girls (24%) and one in 10 boys (9%) are depressed at age 14.

Click here to view the full report.

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The Obsessive Compulsive Treatment Efficacy randomised controlled Trial (OCTET)

NIHR, September 2017

This NIHR-funded trial included 473 adults with moderate to severe obsessive-compulsive disorder who were already waiting to receive CBT. It found that offering people book-based or computer-based CBT whilst on a waiting list for therapist-led therapy did not improve their obsessive-compulsive symptoms when assessed after three or 12 months.

Click here to access the NIHR Signal.

Risk of relapse after antidepressant discontinuation in anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder: systematic review and meta-analysis of relapse prevention trials

BMJ 2017;358:j3927

This systematic review and meta-analyses of relapse prevention trials aims to examine the risk of relapse and time to relapse after discontinuation of antidepressants in patients with anxiety disorder who responded to antidepressants, and to explore whether relapse risk is related to type of anxiety disorder, type of antidepressant, mode of discontinuation, duration of treatment and follow-up, comorbidity, and allowance of psychotherapy.

Click here to view the full text paper.

Honoring the voices of bereaved caregivers: a Metasummary of qualitative research

BMC Palliative Care, September 2017

Family caregiving in the context of advanced disease in particular, can be physically and emotionally taxing. Caregivers can subsequently face bereavement exhausted with few supports, limited resources and a significant proportion will develop negative psychological and social outcomes. Although some research has attended to the bereavement experiences of family caregivers who had cared for a person requiring palliative care, a comprehensive qualitative understanding of the impact of caregiving on bereavement has not been articulated. The purpose of this study was to conduct a qualitative metasummary to explore the experiences of bereaved family caregivers of people who received palliative care services, regardless of their underlying disease.

Click here to view the full text paper.

Dementia prevention, intervention, and care

The Lancet, July 2017

Dementia is the greatest global challenge for health and social care in the 21st century: around 50 million people worldwide have dementia and this number is predicted to triple by 2050. The Lancet Commission on dementia aims to review the best available evidence and produce recommendations on how to best manage, or even prevent, the dementia epidemic.

Dementia is not an inevitable consequence of ageing and the Commission identifies nine potentially modifiable health and lifestyle factors from different phases of life that, if eliminated, might prevent dementia. Although therapies are currently not available to modify the underlying disease process, the Commission outlines pharmacological and social interventions that are able to help manage the manifestations of dementia.

Click here to request this report from the Library.

Case report: Brief Trans-diagnostic CBT for Distressed Carers of Service User with First Episode Psychosis Distress

Miv Riley, Lancashire Care NHS Foundation Trust

Congratulations to Miv Riley who has recently presented a poster at the BABCP Conference in Madrid on a case report of using brief trans-diagnostic CBT to help a distressed carer of an individual with first episode psychosis.

Click here to request a copy of the conference abstract from the Library.