BMC Palliative Care, September 2017
Family caregiving in the context of advanced disease in particular, can be physically and emotionally taxing. Caregivers can subsequently face bereavement exhausted with few supports, limited resources and a significant proportion will develop negative psychological and social outcomes. Although some research has attended to the bereavement experiences of family caregivers who had cared for a person requiring palliative care, a comprehensive qualitative understanding of the impact of caregiving on bereavement has not been articulated. The purpose of this study was to conduct a qualitative metasummary to explore the experiences of bereaved family caregivers of people who received palliative care services, regardless of their underlying disease.
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The Lancet, July 2017
Dementia is the greatest global challenge for health and social care in the 21st century: around 50 million people worldwide have dementia and this number is predicted to triple by 2050. The Lancet Commission on dementia aims to review the best available evidence and produce recommendations on how to best manage, or even prevent, the dementia epidemic.
Dementia is not an inevitable consequence of ageing and the Commission identifies nine potentially modifiable health and lifestyle factors from different phases of life that, if eliminated, might prevent dementia. Although therapies are currently not available to modify the underlying disease process, the Commission outlines pharmacological and social interventions that are able to help manage the manifestations of dementia.
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Miv Riley, Lancashire Care NHS Foundation Trust
Congratulations to Miv Riley who has recently presented a poster at the BABCP Conference in Madrid on a case report of using brief trans-diagnostic CBT to help a distressed carer of an individual with first episode psychosis.
Click here to request a copy of the conference abstract from the Library.
National Institute for Health Research, July 2017
This booklet provides information about NIHR’s research funding and career development opportunities available for researchers based in the NHS, universities, industry and other organisations concerned with health, public health and social care.
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Health Research Authority, July 2017
The HRA have developed six new eLearning modules as an aid for researchers, R&D staff, study sponsors, research ethics committee members and the wider research community. The modules are relevant to all four nations of the UK and cover key areas of research regulation, helping to protect and promote the interests of patients and the public in health and care research.
The first three topics to be released are: medical devices, research involving participants lacking mental capacity, and use of the HRA Schedule of Events. Three further modules concerning research involving human tissue, research involving exposure to ionising radiation and confidentiality and information governance considerations in research, are to be released imminently.
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This modelling study aims to forecast dementia prevalence with a dynamic modelling approach that integrates calendar trends in dementia incidence with those for mortality and cardiovascular disease. Age specific dementia incidence is declining. The number of people with dementia in England and Wales is likely to increase by 57% from 2016 to 2040. This increase is mainly driven by improved life expectancy.
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This prospective cohort study aims to test the hypotheses that physical activity in midlife is not associated with a reduced risk of dementia and that the preclinical phase of dementia is characterised by a decline in physical activity. The study finds no evidence of a neuroprotective effect of physical activity. Previous findings showing a lower risk of dementia in physically active people may be attributable to reverse causation—that is, due to a decline in physical activity levels in the preclinical phase of dementia.
Click here to view the full text article. This paper is Open Access.