Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology, August 2016
This POSTnote updates POSTnote 455 (January 2014), summarising the latest data on scale of use, safety and quality of electronic cigarettes, and their value as a stop smoking tool. It also explores the implications of the new EU Tobacco Products Directive and regulatory approaches in the UK.
Click here to view the POST note.
Smoke Free Action, June 2016
This short briefing has been produced by the Smoking in Pregnancy Challenge Group and is intended to provide a summary of the evidence on electronic cigarettes, with suggested responses to some frequently asked questions about their use during pregnancy.
Click here to view the briefing.
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, June 2016
This Cochrane review aims to assess the extent to which institutional smoking bans may reduce passive smoke exposure and active smoking, and affect other health-related outcomes.
The study found evidence of an effect of settings-based smoking policies on reducing smoking rates in hospitals and universities. In prisons, reduced mortality rates and reduced exposure to secondhand smoke were reported. However, the reviewers rated the evidence base as low quality. The study concludes that more robust studies assessing the evidence for smoking bans and policies in these important specialist settings are needed.
Click here for further information and to access the full text review.
Library and Information Service, April 2016
This Library bulletin provides further reading to support the ‘Making Every Contact Count’ programme.
There are links to recent research papers and articles in each of the MECC areas to give you further background information and evidence to consolidate what you have learned in your training, and to give you ideas and confidence for using MECC in your day-to-day encounters.
This issue features recent Cochrane reviews on workplace interventions for reducing sitting, dietary fibre for prevention of cardiovascular disease and combined interventions for smoking cessation, as well as other peer-reviewed articles. There is also a link to resources for implementing MECC and a report on why people struggle to make behavioural changes and what can be done to overcome these hurdles.
Click here to view the bulletin.
You will need to login with your Athens account to view the articles in this bulletin unless it is indicated that they are “Open Access”. All LCFT staff and students are eligible to register for an Athens account. Please click here to register for an account or contact the Library.
BMJ, 1 March 2016
This population based observational study aims to estimate how much changes in the main risk factors of cardiovascular disease (smoking prevalence, serum cholesterol, and systolic blood pressure) can explain the reduction in coronary heart disease mortality observed among working aged men and women in eastern Finland.
The study concludes that reductions in disease burden and mortality due to coronary heart disease can be achieved through the use of population based primary prevention programmes. Secondary prevention among high risk individuals and treatment of acute events of coronary heart disease could confer additional benefit.
Click here to view the full text paper.
BBC News, 4 January 2016
The UK medicines regulator has approved a brand of e-cigarette to be marketed as an aid to help people stop smoking…
Click here to read the full story.
BMJ, 21 October 2015
The aim of this study is to question whether maternal smoking during pregnancy and exposure of infants to tobacco smoke at age 4 months increase the risk of caries in deciduous teeth.
Among the findings the study concludes that exposure to tobacco smoke at 4 months of age was associated with an approximately twofold increased risk of caries, and the risk of caries was also increased among those exposed to household smoking, by 1.5-fold, whereas the effect of maternal smoking during pregnancy was not statistically significant.
Click here to access the full text paper.