Use of electronic cigarettes in pregnancy: A guide for midwives and other healthcare professionals

Smoke Free Action, June 2016

This short briefing has been produced by the Smoking in Pregnancy Challenge Group and is intended to provide a summary of the evidence on electronic cigarettes, with suggested responses to some frequently asked questions about their use during pregnancy.

Click here to view the briefing.

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Impact of institutional smoking bans on reducing harms and secondhand smoke exposure

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, June 2016

This Cochrane review aims to assess the extent to which institutional smoking bans may reduce passive smoke exposure and active smoking, and affect other health-related outcomes.

The study found evidence of an effect of settings-based smoking policies on reducing smoking rates in hospitals and universities. In prisons, reduced mortality rates and reduced exposure to secondhand smoke were reported. However, the reviewers rated the evidence base as low quality. The study concludes that more robust studies assessing the evidence for smoking bans and policies in these important specialist settings are needed.

Click here for further information and to access the full text review.

Making Every Contact Count Bulletin – April 2016

Library and Information Service, April 2016

This Library bulletin provides further reading to support the ‘Making Every Contact Count’ programme.

There are links to recent research papers and articles in each of the MECC areas to give you further background information and evidence to consolidate what you have learned in your training, and to give you ideas and confidence for using MECC in your day-to-day encounters.

This issue features recent Cochrane reviews on workplace interventions for reducing sitting, dietary fibre for prevention of cardiovascular disease and combined interventions for smoking cessation, as well as other peer-reviewed articles.  There is also a link to resources for implementing MECC and a report on why people struggle to make behavioural changes and what can be done to overcome these hurdles.

Click here to view the bulletin.

You will need to login with your Athens account to view the articles in this bulletin unless it is indicated that they are “Open Access”.  All LCFT staff and students are eligible to register for an Athens account.  Please click here to register for an account or contact the Library.

Primary prevention and risk factor reduction in coronary heart disease mortality among working aged men and women in eastern Finland over 40 years: population based observational study

BMJ, 1 March 2016

This population based observational study aims to estimate how much changes in the main risk factors of cardiovascular disease (smoking prevalence, serum cholesterol, and systolic blood pressure) can explain the reduction in coronary heart disease mortality observed among working aged men and women in eastern Finland.

The study concludes that reductions in disease burden and mortality due to coronary heart disease can be achieved through the use of population based primary prevention programmes. Secondary prevention among high risk individuals and treatment of acute events of coronary heart disease could confer additional benefit.

Click here to view the full text paper.

Secondhand smoke and incidence of dental caries in deciduous teeth among children in Japan: population based retrospective cohort study

BMJ, 21 October 2015

The aim of this study is to question whether maternal smoking during pregnancy and exposure of infants to tobacco smoke at age 4 months increase the risk of caries in deciduous teeth.

Among the findings the study concludes that exposure to tobacco smoke at 4 months of age was associated with an approximately twofold increased risk of caries, and the risk of caries was also increased among those exposed to household smoking, by 1.5-fold, whereas the effect of maternal smoking during pregnancy was not statistically significant.

Click here to access the full text paper.

Making Every Contact Count – Bulletin

Lancashire Care Library and Information Service

This Library bulletin provides further reading to support the ‘Making Every Contact Count’ programme.

There are links to recent research papers and articles in each of the MECC areas to give you further background information and evidence to consolidate what you have learned in your training, and to give you ideas and confidence for practising MECC in your day-to-day encounters.  The section on smoking cessation includes a Cochrane review about interventions to increase adherence to medications for tobacco dependence and what PHE says about e-cigarettes. There are peer-reviewed articles about different diets for weight loss and a study exploring alcohol intake and cancer risk, as well as articles on how to start a MECC conversation.

Click here to view the bulletin.

You will need to login with your Athens account to view the articles in this bulletin unless it is indicated that they are “Open Access”.  All LCFT staff and students are eligible to register for an Athens account.  Please click here to register for an account or contact the Library.