Music Therapy for Depression

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, November 2017

This Cochrane Review finds that music therapy plus treatment as usual is more effective than treatment as usual alone. Music therapy seems to reduce depressive symptoms and anxiety and helps to improve functioning (e.g. maintaining involvement in job, activities, and relationships).

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Zuclopenthixol dihydrochloride for schizophrenia

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, November 2017

This Cochrane Review finds evidence available suggest that zuclopenthixol dihydrochloride is not any worse than other antipsychotics in treating the symptoms of schizophrenia, however more trials providing good-quality data are needed before firm conclusions can be made.

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Risk of relapse after antidepressant discontinuation in anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder: systematic review and meta-analysis of relapse prevention trials

BMJ 2017;358:j3927

This systematic review and meta-analyses of relapse prevention trials aims to examine the risk of relapse and time to relapse after discontinuation of antidepressants in patients with anxiety disorder who responded to antidepressants, and to explore whether relapse risk is related to type of anxiety disorder, type of antidepressant, mode of discontinuation, duration of treatment and follow-up, comorbidity, and allowance of psychotherapy.

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Effect of specialist palliative care services on quality of life in adults with advanced incurable illness in hospital, hospice, or community settings: systematic review and meta-analysis

BMJ 2017;357:j2925

This systematic review aims to assess the effect of specialist palliative care on quality of life and additional outcomes relevant to patients in those with advanced illness.  The review concludes that specialist palliative care was associated with a small effect on QoL and might have most pronounced effects for patients with cancer who received such care early. It could be most effective if it is provided early and if it identifies though screening those patients with unmet needs.

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Interprofessional collaboration to improve professional practice and healthcare outcomes

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, June 2017

This systematic review aims to assess the impact of practice-based interventions designed to improve interprofessional collaboration (IPC) amongst health and social care professionals, compared to usual care or to an alternative intervention, on at least one of the following primary outcomes: patient health outcomes, clinical process or efficiency outcomes or secondary outcomes (collaborative behaviour).

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Exercise therapy for chronic fatigue syndrome

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, April 2017

The objective of this systematic review was to determine the effects of exercise therapy (ET) for patients with CFS as compared with any other intervention or control.  This review is an update of a previous Cochrane review from 2004, which showed that exercise therapy was a promising treatment for adults with CFS. Since the review, additional studies investigating the effectiveness and safety of exercise therapy for patients with CFS have been published.

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