The Living Standards Audit 2018

The Resolution Foundation, July 2018

Resolution Foundation  ‘audit’ of living standards in the UK. It estimates how household incomes have performed over the past year, producing a ‘nowcast’ of the figures before the official data is released. In addition this, this year it has taken a look at the under-reporting of benefit income in the official survey data, correcting this under-reporting which has big implications for our understanding of living standards.

Click here to view the full report.


Places, spaces and wellbeing

What Works Wellbeing, June 2018

Evidence review from What Works Wellbeing that considers the global evidence base for improving people’s wellbeing through changes to the community infrastructure. This covers:

  • Public places and ‘bumping’ places designed for people to meet, including streets, squares, parks, play areas, village halls and community centres.
  • Places where people meet informally or are used as meeting places, such as cafes, pubs, libraries, schools and churches.
  • Services that can facilitate access to places to meet, including urban design, landscape architecture and public art, transport, public health organisations, subsidised housing sites, and bus routes.

The focus of our review has been on interventions operating at the neighbourhood level rather than city or national level. Virtual spaces, are our of the scope of this review, there is a growing evidence base though on their value.

Click here to view the full report.

Asleep on the job: Costs of inadequate sleep in Australia

Sleep Health Foundation, June 2018

This report written with Deloitte addresses the economic cost of inadequate sleep in Australia, in order to raise awareness of the economic cost of inadequate sleep in Australia.  Inadequate sleep includes excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and subjective complaint of insufficient sleep. Sleep is essential for effective mental and metabolic functioning, and the consequences of inadequate sleep can be far worse than just tiredness. Sleep disorders such as insomnia, restless legs syndrome (RLS) and obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) can cause heart disease, obesity, depression and a range of other serious health conditions. Inadequate sleep can also directly lead to fatality – for example if it leads to sleep while driving.   The report suggests that the economic cost is:

  • health system costs of $1.8 billion, or $246 per person with inadequate sleep;
  • productivity losses of $17.9 billion, or $2,418 per person with inadequate sleep;
  • informal care costs of $0.6 billion, or $82 per person with inadequate sleep; and
  • other financial costs, including deadweight losses, of $5.9 billion, or $802 per person with inadequate sleep.

It also estimates that there will be almost a quarter of million disability adjusted life years (DALYs) (228,162) incurred in Australia in 2016-17 due to inadequate sleep, representing $40.1 billion in lost wellbeing.

Click here to view the full report.

Measuring wellbeing inequality: What are the appropriate indicators of wellbeing inequality –

New Economics Foundation, May 2018

This working paper presents research commissioned by the Office for National Statistics (ONS) and carried out by the New Economics Foundation (NEF) in collaboration with the What Works Centre for Well-being. It explores the strengths and weaknesses of different measures of wellbeing inequality and to make a recommendation of a measure which could be reported by the ONS alongside mean wellbeing.   It identifies three distinct reasons why people cared about wellbeing inequality. These were:

  • Dispersion aversion – that large differences in life experiences are inherently undesirable
  • Suffering aversion – placing a special status on individuals experiencing wellbeing below a particular threshold
  • Weighted universalism – valuing improvements in wellbeing for everyone, though with more value given to improvements in wellbeing for those at the bottom of the distribution.

This paper aims to open up discussion about appropriate indicators of wellbeing inequality.

Click here to view the full report.

What works: Successful health and wellbeing community businesses: (Research Institute Report No. 15)

Power to Change, May 2018

This report looks specifically at success factors within the health and wellbeing community business sector and draws out common themes from the five structured interviews conducted with health and wellbeing case studies, the desk-based review and online survey.  These are identified as:

  • Financial self-sustainability
  • Staff and volunteer skill sets and roles
  • Forming strong partnerships and networks

Click here to view the full report.

International comparisons of health and wellbeing in early childhood

Nuffield Trust, May 2018

Nuffied Trust report that presents data on health and wellbeing for early childhood in the UK and 14 comparable countries, recognising the particular influence that a child’s development in this period can have on his or her future health and quality of life. We consider the benefits and challenges of comparing child health indicators between countries, to inform local and national policy and practice that improves the health of children and families in this country. The findings show that while the UK is doing well in many areas relating to the health of young children, on certain indicators the UK lags far behind similarly developed countries. In others, where once we led the field, our rate of improvement has slowed to the extent that we have among the worst outcomes in comparable countries.

Click here to view the full report.