Consultation liaison in primary care for people with mental disorders

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, September 2015

This Cochrane review finds evidence that consultation liaison improves mental health for up to three months; and satisfaction and adherence for up to 12 months in people with mental disorders, particularly those who are depressed.

Click here to download the full review.


Interventions for drug-using offenders with co-occurring mental illness

The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, June 2015

This is an updated version of an original Cochrane review published in Issue 3 2006 (Perry 2006). The review represents one from a family of four reviews focusing on interventions for drug-using offenders. This specific review considers interventions aimed at reducing drug use or criminal activity, or both for drug-using offenders with co-occurring mental illness.  The review aims to assess the effectiveness of interventions for drug-using offenders with co-occurring mental illness in reducing criminal activity or drug use, or both.

Click here to access the full text paper.

The knowledge system underpinning healthcare is not fit for purpose and must change

BMJ, 3 June 2015

Information on the effectiveness and safety of healthcare should be valid, precise, up to date, clear, and freely available. Currently none of these criteria are fully satisfied, and Cochrane systematic reviews are not the solution. In this article the authors explain why the knowledge system for healthcare is unfit for purpose and suggest how it should change.

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Psychoeducation (brief) for people with serious mental illness

The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, April 2015

This systematic review aims to assess the efficacy of brief psychoeducational interventions as a means of helping severely mentally ill people when added to ‘standard’ care, compared with the efficacy of standard care alone.

As a secondary objective the review aims to investigate whether there is evidence that a particular kind (individual/ family/group) of brief psychoeducational intervention is superior to others.

Click here to access the full text paper and additional information.

Interventions for improving the adoption of shared decision making by healthcare professionals

Cochrane Reviews, 15 September 2014


When there are several treatments possible, healthcare professionals can involve patients in the process of making decisions about their care so that the patients can choose care that meets their needs and reflects what is important to them. We call this ‘shared decision making’. Although the results are better when patients are involved, healthcare professionals often do not involve their patients in these decisions. We wanted to know more about what can be done to encourage healthcare professionals to share decision making with their patients. In our review we identified 39 studies that tested what activities work in helping healthcare professionals involve their patients more in the decision-making process. We learned that any such activity was better than none, and that activities for healthcare professionals and patients together worked somewhat better than activities just for patients or just for healthcare professionals. However, given the small number of studies and the differences across the studies, it was difficult to know which activities worked best. This review suggested ways to better evaluate how much healthcare professionals involve patients in healthcare decisions so that we can understand this process better in the future.

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