Public Health England, February 2018
This report has been commissioned to summarise evidence to underpin policy and regulation of e-cigarettes/vaping devices. It finds:
- The addictiveness of nicotine depends on the delivery system.
- It is possible that the addictiveness of tobacco cigarettes may be enhanced by compounds in the smoke other than nicotine.
- As e-cigarettes have evolved, their nicotine delivery has improved. This could mean that their addiction potential has increased, but this may also make them more attractive to smokers as a replacement for smoking. It is not yet clear how addictive e-cigarettes are, or could be, relative to tobacco cigarettes.
- While nicotine has effects on physiological systems that could theoretically lead to health harms, at systemic concentrations experienced by smokers and e-cigarette users, long-term use of nicotine by ‘snus’ (a low nitrosamine form of smokeless tobacco) users has not been found to increase the risk of serious health problems in adults, and use of nicotine replacement therapy by pregnant smokers has not been found to increase risk to the foetus.
- Adolescent nicotine use (separate from smoking) needs more research.
- The long-term impact of nicotine from e-cigarettes on lung tissue is not yet known and may be different from its impact systemically.
Click here to view the report.
Smoke Free Action, June 2016
This short briefing has been produced by the Smoking in Pregnancy Challenge Group and is intended to provide a summary of the evidence on electronic cigarettes, with suggested responses to some frequently asked questions about their use during pregnancy.
Click here to view the briefing.
BBC News, 4 January 2016
The UK medicines regulator has approved a brand of e-cigarette to be marketed as an aid to help people stop smoking…
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Public Health England, August 2015
This expert independent evidence review published by Public Health England (PHE) concludes that e-cigarettes are significantly less harmful to health than tobacco and have the potential to help smokers quit smoking.
Key findings of the review include:
•the current best estimate is that e-cigarettes are around 95% less harmful than smoking
•nearly half the population (44.8%) don’t realise e-cigarettes are much less harmful than smoking
•there is no evidence so far that e-cigarettes are acting as a route into smoking for children or non-smokers
Click here to download the full report and a paper on the implications for policy and practice.
British Medical Journal, 17 November 2014
Particles in secondhand vapour from e-cigarettes have the potential to damage the health of non-smokers, a study by environmental scientists presented at the e-cigarette summit in London on 13 November has found…
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The Lancet, September 2014
Over the GBD period 1990-2010, smoking-related deaths globally are estimated to have increased by 18%. The recent US National Youth Tobacco Survey showed a dramatic increase in young people using e-cigarettes, from 79 000 in 2011, to 263 000 in 2013. Accidental or deliberate ingestion of e-cigarette liquids can lead to acute nicotine toxicity, and deaths of children have been reported.
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British Medical Journal, 29 August 2014
The number of middle and high school students in the United States who have tried electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) despite never using regular cigarettes increased threefold from 2011 to 2013, a new report has found.
The study by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,1 published online on 20 August in the journal Nicotine and Tobacco Research, reported that 263 000 non-smoking students tried e-cigarettes in 2013, compared with just 79 000 in 2011.
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