E-cigarette may become available on NHS

BBC News, 4 January 2016

The UK medicines regulator has approved a brand of e-cigarette to be marketed as an aid to help people stop smoking…

Click here to read the full story.

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Making Every Contact Count – Bulletin

Lancashire Care Library and Information Service

This Library bulletin provides further reading to support the ‘Making Every Contact Count’ programme.

There are links to recent research papers and articles in each of the MECC areas to give you further background information and evidence to consolidate what you have learned in your training, and to give you ideas and confidence for practising MECC in your day-to-day encounters.  The section on smoking cessation includes a Cochrane review about interventions to increase adherence to medications for tobacco dependence and what PHE says about e-cigarettes. There are peer-reviewed articles about different diets for weight loss and a study exploring alcohol intake and cancer risk, as well as articles on how to start a MECC conversation.

Click here to view the bulletin.

You will need to login with your Athens account to view the articles in this bulletin unless it is indicated that they are “Open Access”.  All LCFT staff and students are eligible to register for an Athens account.  Please click here to register for an account or contact the Library.

 

Smoking cessation and reduction in people with chronic mental illness

BMJ, 21 September 2015

The high prevalence of cigarette smoking and tobacco related morbidity and mortality in people with chronic mental illness is well documented. This review summarizes results from studies of smoking cessation treatments in people with schizophrenia, depression, anxiety disorders, and post-traumatic stress disorder. It also summarizes experimental studies aimed at identifying biopsychosocial mechanisms that underlie the high smoking rates seen in people with these disorders.

Click here to view this article.  You will need to login with your Athens account to view this article.

All LCFT staff and students are eligible to register for an Athens password. Click here to register or contact the Library.

 

Health Matters: Smoking and Quitting in England

Public Health England, 15 September 2015

Smoking and quitting in England is the first of a planned series of resources that will help make the case for effective public health interventions.  The resource will bring together in one easily accessible package local and national level data, policy and programme expertise, as well as campaigning and social marketing resources – all presented in an easy-to-use, engaging format, that will help make the case for effective public health interventions.

Click here for further information.

E-cigarettes: an evidence update

Public Health England, August 2015

This expert independent evidence review published by Public Health England (PHE) concludes that e-cigarettes are significantly less harmful to health than tobacco and have the potential to help smokers quit smoking.

Key findings of the review include:

•the current best estimate is that e-cigarettes are around 95% less harmful than smoking
•nearly half the population (44.8%) don’t realise e-cigarettes are much less harmful than smoking
•there is no evidence so far that e-cigarettes are acting as a route into smoking for children or non-smokers

Click here to download the full report and a paper on the implications for policy and practice.

Smoking Cessation Intervention for severe Mental Ill Health Trial (SCIMITAR): a pilot randomised control trial of the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a bespoke smoking cessation service

Health Technology Assessment Volume: 19 Issue: 25

Peckham E, Man MS, Mitchell N, Li J, Becque T, Knowles S, Bradshaw T, Planner C, Parrott S, Michie S, Shepherd C, Gilbody S

The objective in this project was to conduct a pilot trial to establish acceptability of the intervention and to ensure the feasibility of recruitment, randomisation and follow-up. The project also sought preliminary estimates of effect size in order to design a fully powered trial of clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness. The pilot should inform a fully powered trial to compare the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a bespoke smoking cessation (BSC) intervention with usual general practitioner (GP) care for people with SMI.

Click here to download the full text paper.

Impact of smoking and smoking cessation on cardiovascular events and mortality among older adults: meta-analysis of individual participant data from prospective cohort studies of the CHANCES consortium

BMJ, 20 April 2015

This study aims to investigate the impact of smoking and smoking cessation on cardiovascular mortality, acute coronary events, and stroke events in people aged 60 and older, and to calculate and report risk advancement periods for cardiovascular mortality in addition to traditional epidemiological relative risk measures.  The study was designed as an individual participant meta-analysis using data from 25 cohorts participating in the CHANCES consortium.

Click here to view the full text.