Living standards, poverty and inequality in the UK: 2018

Institute for Fiscal Studies, June 2018

This report examines changes in the distribution of household incomes in the UK, and the determinants and consequences of recent trends. This includes analysing changes not only in average living standards but also in household income inequality and measures of income poverty and deprivation.

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Measuring wellbeing inequality: What are the appropriate indicators of wellbeing inequality –

New Economics Foundation, May 2018

This working paper presents research commissioned by the Office for National Statistics (ONS) and carried out by the New Economics Foundation (NEF) in collaboration with the What Works Centre for Well-being. It explores the strengths and weaknesses of different measures of wellbeing inequality and to make a recommendation of a measure which could be reported by the ONS alongside mean wellbeing.   It identifies three distinct reasons why people cared about wellbeing inequality. These were:

  • Dispersion aversion – that large differences in life experiences are inherently undesirable
  • Suffering aversion – placing a special status on individuals experiencing wellbeing below a particular threshold
  • Weighted universalism – valuing improvements in wellbeing for everyone, though with more value given to improvements in wellbeing for those at the bottom of the distribution.

This paper aims to open up discussion about appropriate indicators of wellbeing inequality.

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Health inequalities manifesto 2018

Mental Health Foundation, March 2018

People living in the least deprived areas of England live around 20 years longer in good physical and mental health than people in the most deprived areas.  Tackling and reducing health inequalities means giving everyone the same opportunities to lead a mentally and physically healthy life, no matter where they live and who they are.  This report presents the individual and local actions that can be applied to address mental health inequalities in England. Advocates particular approaches and interventions to reduce the risk factors underpinning inequalities and applying these proportionately across the social gradient. Calls for action to ensure:

  1. Healthy children.
  2. Healthy minds.
  3. Healthy places.
  4. Healthy communities.
  5. Healthy habits.

Click here to view the full report.

A tale of two cities: Community perspectives and narratives on inequality, struggle, hope and change

The Young Foundation, November 2017

This report presents community perspectives on what inequality is, and how it is experienced, struggled with and resisted. This research is based on three communities in a Northern city it aims to describe the lived experience of inequality to identify the boundaries of different types of power and decision making; how power feels to those who do not control budgets, spending and decide on services. Understanding the complexity of communities’ experience helps those who do control levers of power, finance and influence to develop better strategies to tackle inequality. Applying this understanding begins to identify opportunities for mutual and collaborative approaches which actively challenge inequalities instead of reproducing them.

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Social inequalities in early childhood health and development: a European-wide systematic review

UCL Institute of Health Equity, March 2015

As part of the DRIVERS project this paper examines health inequalities in relation to early childhood health and development in order to discern the causes of social inequalities. The study aims to:

1. To conduct a systematic review on social inequalities, early child development and early child health;
2. To analyse and develop methodologies for interventions regarding unequal child development and health;
3. To provide analytic evidence using data from WHO-Europe member countries that helps to explain social inequalities in early child development and early child health, and identifies factors that would reduce health inequalities across the European region.

The paper examines available evidence in order to make recommendations for policy and practice.

Click here to view the full report.